The Arab Republic of Egypt adopted this flag on October 4, 1984. It includes the traditional Pan-Arab colors red, white, and black. The red signifies the period before 1959 characterized by monarchy and colonialism. The white signifies the revolution that ended the monarchy without bloodshed. The black signifies an end to the oppression of the Egyptian people. At the center of the flag is the eagle of Saladin in gold. Made in China from economy polyester and mounted on a wooden staff. Measures 12 in. x 18 in.