Indiana State Flags & Banners available in all sizes in nylon and polyester.The state's name means "Land of the Indians," or simply "Indian Land." It also stems from Indiana's territorial history. On May 7, 1800, the United States Congress passed legislation to divide the Northwest Territory into two areas and named the western section the Indiana Territory. In 1816, when Congress passed an Enabling Act to begin the process of establishing statehood for Indiana, a part of this territorial land became the geographic area for the new state. See our great Indiana state birthday souvenirs and gifts.
First explored for France by Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, in 1679â€“1680, the region figured importantly in the Franco-British struggle for North America that culminated with British victory in 1763. George Rogers Clark led American forces against the British in the area during the Revolutionary War.
Indiana was the scene of frequent Indian uprisings until the victories of Gen. Anthony Wayne at Fallen Timbers in 1794 and Gen. William Henry Harrison at Tippecanoe in 1811.
Indiana became a state on December 11, 1816.
Some Indiana Symbols
1. State Bird
2. State River
3. State Flower
4. State Nickname
5. State Award
6. State Tree
7. State Stone
8. State Motto
9. State Soil
10. State Rifle
Northern Cardinal -Indiana designated the northern cardinal as official state bird in 1933. One of America's favorite backyard birds, cardinals are distinctive in appearance and song - known for their "cheer cheer cheer," "whit-chew whit-chew" and "purty purty purty" whistles.
Wabash River- Indiana designated the Wabash River as the official state River in 1996.
Peony - The peony was designated as the state flower of Indiana in 1957 (from 1931 to 1957 the zinnia was the state flower). No particular variety or color of peony was designated by the Indiana General Assembly. The Peony flower occurs in single and double forms and is cultivated widely throughout Indiana.
The Hoosier State - The origin of the word Hoosier is rooted deep in the history of Indiana and the original meaning has been lost. Historians, folklorists, politicians, and everyday Hoosiers offer many colorful theories on the origin of the term, but no one has a definitive answer.
Sagamore of the Wabash - The highest distinction in Indiana is the designation of Sagamore of the Wabash by the state governor. "Sagamore" was a term used by native American tribes of Indiana to describe a lesser chief or a great man among the tribe whom the chief consulted for wisdom and advice.
Tulip Poplar - The tulip poplar was designated as the state tree of Indiana in 1931. Also called yellow poplar or tulip tree, it can be found throughout the state of Indiana.
Salem Limestone - Indiana designated Salem limestone as the official state stone in 1971.
The Crossroads of America - The nickname began as the nickname for the city of Indianapolis, which is the hub for several major Interstate highways that criss-cross the state, connecting Hoosiers to the rest of the United States.
Miami - Miami soil is used to grow corn and soybeans, Indiana's primary crops. It is a brown silt loam that is highly productive and widespread in Indiana.
Grouseland Rifle - Grouseland Rifle is one of the six remaining rifles made by gunsmith John Small in the early 1800s.
Did you know?
Indiana was part of the huge Northwest Territory, which included present day Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Wisconsin, which were ceded to the United States by the British at the end of the Revolutionary war.
Explorers Lewis and Clark set out from Fort Vincennes on their exploration of the Northwest Territory.
Historic Parke County has 32 covered bridges and is the Covered Bridge Capital of the world.
Santa Claus, Indiana receives over one half million letters and requests at Christmas time.
Deep below the earth in Southern Indiana is a sea of limestone that is one of the richest deposits of top-quality limestone found anywhere on earth. New York City's Empire State Building and Rockefeller Center as well as the Pentagon, the U.S. Treasury, a dozen other government buildings in Washington D.C. as well as 14 state capitols around the nation are built from this sturdy, beautiful Indiana limestone.
The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne on May 4, 1871.