Texas State Flags & Banners available in all sizes in nylon and polyester. Texas, or The Lone Star State, was the 28th state to join the federal union on December 29, 1845. The state was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845. In 1836 five sites served as temporary capitals of Texas: Washington-on-the-Brazos: Harrisburg: Galveston: Velasco: and Columbia. Sam Houston moved the capital to Houston in 1837. In 1839 the capital was moved to the new town of Austin. Austin is located on the Colorado River in south-central Texas. The capitol building is made from Texas pink granite. It served as the capital of the Republic of Texas in 1840-1842. See more Texas gift ideas and souvenirs.
Several nations had ruled over the Texas territory before becoming a state. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony in Texas. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845 it joined the United States as the 28th state.
Texas is nicknamed the Lone Star State to signify Texas as a former independent republic and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico. The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal today. The origin of the state name, Texas, is from the word, "Tejas", which means 'friends' in the Caddo language.
Possessing enormous natural resources, Texas is a major agricultural state and an industrial giant. Texas leads all other states in such categories as oil, cattle, sheep, and cotton. Texas ranches and farms also produce poultry and eggs, dairy products, greenhouse and nursery products, wheat, hay, rice, sugar cane, and peanuts, and a variety of fruits and vegetables.
Some Texas Symbols
1. State Bird
2. State Fruit
3. State Flower
4. State Fish
5. State Insect
6. State Tree
7. State Reptile
8. State Gemstone
9. State Stone
10. State Animal
Mockingbird - Texas designated the mockingbird as official state bird in 1927.
Texas Red Grapefruit - Texas red grapefruit was designated the official state fruit of Texas in 1993. A fairly new citrus, grapefruit is believed to be a cross between a pummelo and an orange.
Bluebonnet - The bluebonnet was designated the official state flower of Texas in 1901.
Guadalupe Bass - Texas designated the Guadalupe bass as the official state fish in 1989. The Guadalupe bass is found only in Texas.
Monarch Butterfly - Texas designated the monarch butterfly as the official state insect in 1995.
Pecan Tree - The Pecan tree was designated the official state tree of Texas in 1919.
Texas Horned Lizard - Texas designated the Texas horned lizard, the official state reptile in 1993. Horned lizards can have an intimidating appearance but are docile and gentle in nature.
Texas Blue Topaz - Texas blue topaz was designated the official state gemstone in 1969.
Petrified Palmwood - Texas designated petrified palmwood as the official state "stone" in 1969. Petrified wood is actually a fossil.
Nine-Banded Armadillo - Texas designated the nine-banded armadillo as the official state small mammal in 1995.
Did you know?
The Alamo is located in San Antonio. It is where Texas defenders fell to Mexican General Santa Anna and the phrase Remember the Alamo originated. The Alamo is considered the cradle of Texas liberty and the state's most popular historic site.
Texas is the only state to have the flags of 6 different nations fly over it. They are: Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, Confederate States, and the United States.
The King Ranch in Texas is bigger than the state of Rhode Island.
Sam Houston, arguably the most famous Texan, was actually born in Virginia. Houston served as governor of Tennessee before coming to Texas.
Austin is considered the live music capital of the world.
The state's cattle population is estimated to be near 16 million.
Texas comes from the Hasinai Indian word tejas meaning friends or allies.